Rwenzori Mountains National Park is a Ugandan national park
and UNESCO World Heritage Site located in the
Rwenzori Mountains. Almost 1,000 km2 (386 sq mi) in size,
the park has Africa's third highest mountain peak and many
waterfalls, lakes, and glaciers. The park is known for its
beautiful plant life.
is mainly occupied by two tribes ie Batooro and Bakiga traditionally
both tribes utilised the forest for food, fuel, building materials
Rwenzori Mountains National Park is located in southwestern
Uganda on the east side of the western (Albertine) African
rift valley. It lies along Uganda's border with the Democratic
Republic of the Congo (DRC) and borders the DRC's Virunga
National Park, also a UNESCO World Heritage Site, for 50 km
(31 mi). It is situated in the Bundibugyo, Kabarole, and
Kasese districts, 25 km (16 mi) from the small town of Kasese.
It is 996 km2 (246,117 acres) in size, 70% of which exceeds
an altitude of 2,500 m (8,202 ft). The park is 120 km (75
mi) long and 48 km (30 mi) wide.
The park comprises most
of the centre and eastern half of the Rwenzori Mountains,
a mountain range rising above dry plains located just above
the equator. The Rwenzori Mountains are higher than the
Alps and are ice-capped. Mount Stanley is located in the
park. Margherita Peak, one of Mount Stanley's twin summits,
is Africa's third highest peak with a height of 5,109 m
(16,762 ft). Africa's fourth and fifth highest peaks (Mount
Speke and Mount Baker) are also located in the park. The
park has glaciers, snowfields, waterfalls, and lakes and
is one of Africa's most beautiful mountain areas.
Rwenzori Mountains National Park was established in 1991.
It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994 because
of its outstanding natural beauty. Rebel militias occupied
the Rwenzori Mountains from 1997 to June 2001.] The park
was inscribed on UNESCO's List of World Heritage in Danger
between 1999 and 2004 because of insecurity and a lack of
resources in the park.