Impenetrable National Park is located in southwestern Uganda
in East Africa. The park is part of the Bwindi Impenetrable
Forest, and is situated along the Democratic Republic of Congo
border next to the Virunga National Park and on the edge of
the Albertine Rift. It comprises 331 square kilometres (128
sq mi) of jungle forests and contains both montane and lowland
forest and is accessible only on foot. The Bwindi Impenetrable
National Park is a UNESCO-designated World Heritage Site.
forest is one of the richest ecosystems in Africa,[citation
needed] and the diversity of species is a feature of the park.
The park provides habitat for some 120 species of mammals,
348 species of birds, 220 species of butterflies, 27 species
of frogs, chameleons, geckos and many endangered species.
Floristically Bwindi is amongst the most diverse forests in
East Africa, with more than 1,000 flowering plant species
including 163 species of trees and 104 species of ferns. The
northern (low altitude) sector is rich in species of the Guineo-Congolian
flora. These include two species internationally recognised
as endangered, Brown mahogany (Lovoa swynnertonii) and Brazzeia
longipedicellata. In particular the area shares in the high
levels of endemisms of the Albertine Rift.
park is a sanctuary for colobus monkeys, chimpanzees and many
birds (such as hornbills and turacos). It is perhaps most
notable for the 340 Bwindi gorillas, half the world's population
of the critically endangered Mountain Gorillas. There are
four habituated Mountain Gorilla groups open to tourism: Mubare;
Habinyanja; Rushegura near Buhoma; and the Nkuringo group